The First Glassworks
The glassmaking in Nový Bor dates back to the 14th century, when the first glassworks were established. Thanks to the presence of quality wood and sand for glass production, this area became an ideal place for the development of glassmaking.
Famous Glassmaking Families
Over the centuries, several glassmaking families settled in Nový Bor, bringing their art and craft to this region. These include, for example, the Kavalír, Rückl, or Roubíček families. These families have significantly contributed to the development of glassmaking in the area and its reputation on a global scale.
The glassmaking in Nový Bor experienced its greatest expansion in the 18th and 19th centuries, with the export market particularly developing. This era included an increase in the number of glassworks, improvement of techniques, and increasing production. There was also professionalization and diversification of the industry.
Nový Bor is known not only for its production of utility glass but also for artistic glassmaking. During the 20th century, a tradition of glass art developed here, involving the creation of original and innovative designs. Significant artists such as Stanislav Libenský or Jaroslava Brychtová contributed to the development of artistic glassmaking and its international recognition.
Many innovations and technological developments have taken place in the glassmaking industry in Nový Bor. These include the invention of various methods, such as blown glass, ground glass, or cast glass. These innovations have helped streamline production and expand design possibilities.
Thanks to the high quality and diversity of products, the glassworks from Nový Bor became world-renowned and their products were exported to many countries. In this way, the city gained international prestige and became an important center of glassmaking.
A number of schools and apprenticeships focused on glassmaking have been established in Nový Bor. This allowed for the development of professional skills and education in this craft. These institutions contributed to maintaining and strengthening the glassmaking tradition in the region.
Glassmaking in Nový Bor was also influenced by international events. Cooperation with foreign glassmakers, participation in world exhibitions, and exchange of experiences contributed to enriching and expanding the glassmaking tradition in Nový Bor.
The Communist Era
The communist era had a significant impact on glassmaking in Nový Bor. State interventions and restrictions led to a deterioration in quality and a reduction in production. However, after 1989, glassmaking began to gradually recover and reconnect with earlier traditions.
Today, glassmaking in Nový Bor continues in the tradition of producing quality and artistic glass. Many glassworks focus on handmade production and original design. At the same time, they are engaged in innovations and modern technologies in glass production.
Perspectives and Challenges
The future of glassmaking in Nový Bor faces several challenges. These include competition from abroad, maintaining traditional skills, and gaining new markets. Despite this, glassmaking in this region maintains a strong position and strives to adapt to new conditions.
Tourism and Culture
Glassmaking in Nový Bor also influences the tourist and cultural life of the city. Visiting glassworks, museums, and exhibitions has become a popular tourist activity. The city also hosts various glassmaking festivals and events that attract visitors from all over the world. In the city, you can also play the competitive game Treasure Hunt Nový Bor.
In recent years, the glassmaking industry in Nový Bor has also focused on sustainability and environmental responsibility. Efforts to reduce emissions and recycle materials contribute to the protection of the environment and the sustainable development of the industry.